Hope Bay

By the end of 1944, plans to establish the main base of operations at Hope Bay early in 1945 were well underway, with Marr now also planning to establish a base on Stonington Island after assisting Taylor, who would be Base Leader, with the setup up of Hope Bay. In addition, the Scoresby and Fitzroy would seek to establish an unmanned base at Sandjefjord Bay. On 3 February 1945 the Scoresby arrived at Port Lockroy carrying the new base team, and stores and men bound for Hope Bay and Stonington Island were loaded onboard.

February 1945

By 5 February the Scoresby arrived at Deception Island, where stores for Hope Bay were transferred onto the Eagle along with the newly arrived husky dogs. During this time on Deception Island, Marr relinquished his command on the grounds of ill health, stating his desire to return to England and passing command over to Taylor. With this decision it was decided to postpone plans to set up the base on Stonington Island. With Marr’s health deteriorating, he left for the Falkland Islands on 9 February 1945.

Eagle House

With Taylor now in command, the Eagle left Deception Island on 11 February, arriving at Hope Bay the following day and, with conditions much better than the previous year, he picked the site for the new base that afternoon. Unloading and construction of ‘Eagle House’, the main base hut, began the next afternoon, and by 11 March the men had moved into their permanent accommodation.

March 1945 - January 1946

Although the Eagle had left on 1 March 1945 to check on Deception Island, with whom they had lost radio contact after a small fire, it had returned on 12 March to continue unloading cargo. On 17 March a violent storm snapped the Eagle’s anchor and it was hit by two icebergs, causing significant damage to the ship. The ship was forced to leave immediately for Stanley, still carrying a significant proportion of Hope Bay’s cargo. With no other ships able to reach them before winter, the men were forced to make do with the supplies that they had and complete construction of the base alone. Although not as comfortable as Port Lockroy, the men still managed to complete significant scientific work by the time of their relief in January 1946, including an 800km sledging trip, as well as glaciology and geology.

Port Lockroy

Find out more about Port Lockroy and the work carried out there.

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