Sir Ernest Shackleton
Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. Educated in London, at the age of sixteen he joined the merchant navy and qualified as a master mariner in 1898. In 1901 he joined Scott’s British National Antarctic Expedition as Third Lieutenant, taking the first aerial photograph in Antarctica and, along with Scott and Edward Wilson, attempting to reach the South Pole. Whilst unsuccessful, the party set a new furthest south record. Shackleton contracted scurvy whilst on this sledging trip and was invalided home in January 1903, going on to assist with the fitting out of Discovery for her relief expedition of Scott’s party, as well as the ARA Uruguay for her relief expedition of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition.