Scientific Investigation and Commercial Intrigue
After fitting the Southern Cross, a former sealer, with more powerful engines, the expedition set off for Antarctica in 1898. Their aim was to collect scientific data, be the first to winter over on the Continent, and perhaps reach either the South Pole or Magnetic South Pole. Borchgrevink also wanted to investigate the commercial possibilities of the region, focusing on whaling, mineral prospecting and the mining of penguin guano for fertiliser. The expedition took with it a number of technical innovations, including the first to take dehydrated food, the first to use primus stoves, and the first dogs to be used for sledging in Antarctica - fitted out with their own coats and fur boots.